Pathways to recovery (PTR): impact of peer-led group participation on mental health recovery outcomes.

Psychiatr Rehabil J. 2010 Summer;34(1):42-8.

Source

University of Kansas-Social Welfare, Lawrence, KS 66045, USA. fsadaaki@ku.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

This study examined the positive effects on recovery outcomes for people with severe and persistent mental illness using peer-led groups based on Pathways to Recovery: A Strengths Recovery Self-Help Workbook (PTR). PTR translates the evidence-supported practice of the Strengths Model into a self-help approach, allowing users to identify and pursue life goals based on personal and environmental strengths.

METHODS:

A single-group pretest-posttest research design was applied. Forty-seven members in 6 consumer-run organizations in one Midwestern state participated in a PTR peer-led group, completing a baseline survey before the group and again at the completion of the 12-week sessions. The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, the General Self-Efficacy Scale, Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support, the Spirituality Index of Well-Being, and the Modified Colorado Symptom Index were employed as recovery outcomes. Paired Hotelling’s T-square test was conducted to examine the mean differences of recovery outcomes between the baseline and the completion of the group.

RESULTS:

Findings revealed statistically significant improvements for PTR participants in self-esteem, self-efficacy, social support, spiritual well-being, and psychiatric symptoms.

CONCLUSIONS:

This initial research is promising for establishing PTR as an important tool for facilitating recovery using a peer-led group format. The provision of peer-led service has been emphasized as critical to integrating consumers’ perspectives in recovery-based mental health services. Given the current federal funding stream for peer services, continued research into PTR and other peer-led services becomes more important.

PMID:
20615844
[PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]
 
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